Understanding Colon and Rectal Cancer

Colon Cancer Text

Colon cancer is found in the rectum or colon. The colon is part of the large intestinal tract. The passageway connecting the colon and the anus is called the rectum.

Colon cancer can be treated if caught early. It is possible to treat cancer with surgery and chemotherapy, even if it has spread to nearby lymph nodes. When cancer has spread to the liver or lungs, it can be treated with chemotherapy. This will allow for more options and prolong life. No matter their stage, research is ongoing to find out more and offer hope.

Polyps are an abnormal growth in the colon that can later turn into cancer. In all countries, colorectal cancer is third in the most common form of cancer. Colorectal cancer deaths have declined with colonoscopies, fecal outlets blood testing, which test for blood in the stool.

Colon Cancer

* Colon cancer refers to a condition in which malignant (cancerous) cells develop in the tissue of the colon.

* Your health history can impact your risk of developing colon carcinoma

Colon cancer symptoms include bloody stool or changes in bowel habits.

To diagnose colon cancer, tests that examine the colon as well as the rectum can be used.

* Some factors, prognosis and treatment options may be possible

Colon cancer occurs when malignant cells develop in the colon’s tissues. The colon is a part of the body’s digestive process. The digestive system processes nutrients, vitamins, minerals and carbohydrate. The body can also get rid of waste materials from the food.

Colon Cancer Symptoms

The symptoms and signs of colon cancer are not always obvious. There are many conditions that can cause symptoms and signs. It is possible that symptoms may not be present if cancer is diagnosed early.

The specific location of the tumor in the colon can affect the symptoms.

* Bleeding in a stool

* Dark-colored stool

* The stool consistency can be changed

* Constipation

* Diarrhea

* Narrow stools

To diagnose and detect it, tests that examine the colon and rectal can be used

* A physical examination

* Digital colon examination

* Fecal occult Blood Test

* Barium enema examination

* Sigmoidoscopy

* Colonoscopy

* Biopsy

Treatment options and recovery options can change

The following factors can influence the recovery options.

* Stages of cancer, regardless of whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes and other parts of the body.

* If cancer has made or blocked the colon

* If there are cancer cells remaining after the surgery.

* If cancer has recurred

* The patient’s overall health condition

Rectal cancer

Unhappy patient with headache and closed eyes

* Rectal cancer refers to a condition in which cancer cells develop in the tissue of your rectum.

* The risk of rectal cancer can be affected by your age and family history

Rectal cancer symptoms include changes in stool habits and blood in the stool.

Rectal cancer is diagnosed using tests that examine the colon and rectum.

Rectal cancer refers to a condition in which malignant (cancerous), cells develop in the tissue of your rectum.

Rectal cancer symptoms and signs

* There is blood in the stool

* A change in your habits: constipation, diarrhea and feeling like the bowel is not emptying completely. Stool that is narrower or has a different shape to normal

* Abdominal discomfort: frequent gas pains, cramps and other symptoms

* A change in appetite

* Weight loss is not an unknown cause

* Feeling tired

To diagnose and detect rectum cancer, tests that examine the colon and rectum are used.

* History and physical examination

* Exam digital rectum

* Colonoscopy

* Biopsy

Recovery and treatment options can change

* It is determined by the stage of cancer.

* If the tumor has spread to or through the bowel walls

* The rectum is where the cancer is located

* If the whole tumor can be removed surgically.

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